May be registered for the manner in which a process is carried out, or the basis, or principle of operation of a product or machine and in general protects a concept. For an invention to be protectable it must be new (not know anywhere in the world) and must involve an inventive step. A patent is valid for 20 years from date of filing provided that the prescribed renewal fees are paid.
Generally refers to secret technology, and usually relates to a process. It may be licensed to others in return for payment. By its nature, know how will only be valid for as long as the trade secret remain secret.
Is generally used to protect a name or logo (device) of the Applicant, which is attached to an article for marketing, or to a service rendered. Simple examples would include the Coca Cola trade mark and OMO. In some instance it is even possible to protect a sound or shape, configuration,colour, pattern or ornamentation by a Trade Mark. Trade marks are valid for life – provided that the prescribed renewal fees are paid every ten years.
Generally protects the visual (aesthetic) appearance of an article. In order for a design to be registered, it must be new. Designs are generally classified into two categories namely Aesthetic Designs and Functional Designs. An Aesthetic design is generally judge solely by the eye (appearance) whereas a Functional Design is necessitate by its function.
Subsists in artistic works such as literary works, music, cinematographic films, sound recordings, drawings, plans, computer programs etc. It may protect a two dimensional or three dimensional work and generally comes into existence automatically and hence does not require registration. Cinematographic films may be registered, although copyright does come into existence automatically, the registration certificate is considered to be proof such existence.
Various other forms of Intellectual Property rights exists such as Internet, Plant Breeder Rights, Franchising and Licensing and we invite you to contact us should any additional information be required on any of the aforementioned topic. Please peruse our intellectual property portfolio for additional information.